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RoHs and WEEE

Facts regarding WEEE and RoHS Directives

The two directives are Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive 2002/96/EC and Restrictions of the Use of Certain Hazardous in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (RoHS) Directive 2002/95/EC. The objectives with these directives are to limit the environmental stress and to protect human health.

WEEE Directive

This directive came into force from August 13th, 2005 The directive covers 10 categories of products:

Categories
1. Large household appliances
2. Small household appliances
3. IT & telecommunications equipments
4. Consumer equipments
5. Lightning equipments
6. Electrical and electronic tools
7. Certain toys, leisure and sports equipments
8. Medical devices
9. Monitoring and control instruments
10. Automatic dispensers

Producers shall guarantee financing of the collection, treatment, recovery and recycling of collected WEEE.

The definition “Producers” does cover anyone who:
– manufacture and sell electrical and electronic equipment under own brand
– resells equipment produced by other supplier under own brand
– is importing or exporting electrical and electronic equipment on a professional basis

Info. Link
WEEE 2002/96/EC http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32002L0096:EN:NOT
Amendment directive 2003/108/EC  to WEEE http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32003L0108:EN:NOT
Amendment directive 2008/34/EC to WEEE http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32008L0034:EN:NOT
Frequently Asked Questions for RoHS and WEEE http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32008L0035:EN:NOT

The new revised RoHS directive 2011/65/EC

The RoHS directive has been revised. the new RoHS directive 2011/65/EC was published in the Official Journal of the European Union 1 July 2011, enter into force 21 July 2011. Member state have 18 months to implement it into national law, means it will be mandatory and replace existing directive 2006/95/EC 3 Jan. 2013. There are no changes regarding substances or limits. The new directive will be a part of the CE mark, means it need to be mention in the declaration of conformity.

There will be a transitional period for some products who still can use the restricted substances.

Monitoring and control instrument 22 July 2014
Medical devices 22 July 2014
In vitro diagnostic medical devices 22 July 2016
Industrial monitoring and control instrument 22 July 2017
Products that was not in the scope of the original directive 22 July 2019

Link to RoHS directive 2011/65/EC: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:174:0088:0110:EN:PDF

From 1st July 2006, new electrical and electronic equipment placed on the market shall not contain:
Lead (Pb)
Mercury (Hg)
Cadmium (Cd)
Hexavalent chromium (CR VI)
Certain brominated flame retardants (BFR)
Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB)
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE)

The limits are 0.01% for cadmium and 0.1% for all other substances by weight in homogenous substances.

The directive covers the same categories as WEEE except for Medical devices (8) and Monitoring and control instruments (9).

The WEEE directive does not include products that are part of a final product that is not covered by WEEE. For example, a computer that is designed to be installed in an aircraft are not covered. The wording is not in the RoHS directive but the Commission and member states have agreed that this also applies to RoHS, as shown on page 5 of the document Frequently Asked Questions.

Exceptions
In the amendment to RoHS directive there are exceptions from the rules. This exceptions can be changed (add or be removed): http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/weee/legis_en.htm

Deka-BDE Brominated flame retardants have been excluded from RoHS directive but the European Court of Justice cancel the exceptions so from 1 July 2008 Deka-BDE is forbidden in electrical equipment according to RoHS regulations.

Info. Link
RoHS 2002/95/EC http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32002L0095:EN:NOT
Amendment directive 2008/35/EC to RoHS http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32008L0035:EN:NOT
Frequently Asked Questions for RoHS and WEEE http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32008L0035:EN:NOT
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